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Information 关于 Paths to Justice for Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

The 儿童受害者法案 (CVA) helps survivors of childhood sexual abuse seek justice in our courts.
If this resonates with you or someone you know, please read on for useful information.

直到2019年1月, New York State had one of the nation’s most restrictive statute of limitations when it came to bringing forward child sexual abuse cases in civil or criminal courts. Most survivors had only until age 23 to seek justice in the courts.

The 儿童受害者法案 (CVA) extends the statute of limitations for adult survivors of child sexual abuse, recognizing that many adults may not disclose their experiences until they are in their 30s, 40s, 50岁甚至更晚.

The 儿童受害者法案 gives survivors of child sexual abuse more time to seek justice in our courts. 前进, under the law survivors who were under the age of 23 on 2019年2月14日, 现在将有直到:

  • Their 55th birthday to file a civil lawsuit against their abuser.
  • Their 25th birthday to file criminal misdemeanor charges against their abusers and their 28th birthday to file criminal felony charges.

The CVA also created a time-limited “window” that allowed ANY adult survivor of child sexual abuse to file a civil lawsuit against their abuser and/or a negligent institution, no matter how long ago the abuse took place. That window closed on August 13, 2021.

Safe Horizon client advocates are now available by chat to offer information, 宣传, and support to people who have been impacted by violence, 犯罪, 和滥用. To chat with an advocate during business hours, 访问足球外围平台的安全聊天页面.


What if I am already older than 25 or 28 (to pursue criminal charges) or 55 (to pursue civil charges)?

Unfortunately, the time-limited window to pursue a civil case closed on August 13, 2021. Although you may no longer be able to file a case, Safe Horizon can still provide you with emotional support and counseling.

You can find information about our Helpline 在这里.


年龄 你能做什么
  • Can bring criminal charges up to age 28 (felonies) and age 25 (misdemeanors);
  • 55岁前可以提起民事诉讼吗.
  • 如果还没有23 2019年2月14日, can bring criminal charges up to age 28 (felonies) and age 25 (misdemeanors);
  • 55岁前可以提起民事诉讼吗.
  • If 23rd birthday fell before 2019年2月14日, can take advantage of the lookback window to file a civil case. The window opened on August 14, 2019 and closed on August 13, 2021.

What is the difference between a criminal and a civil case?

In a criminal case, the state decides if and how to pursue the case. If the abuser is convicted, they may be sentenced to jail or prison.

在民事案件中, 幸存者, 不是国家, 做出影响案件的决定, 包括是否起诉, 接受和解提议, 或者上法庭.

If the court rules in favor of 幸存者, the abuser may have to pay damages. Civil litigation may hold institutions, like churches, schools, or organizations, accountable.


The lookback window allowed any survivor who couldn’t sue under the previous statute of limitations to file a civil case. This included survivors who had never filed a case or claim and those whose cases were dismissed because of the previous statute of limitations. Survivors of ANY age were able to file a civil case during this window.


Safe Horizon's Resources for Adult Survivors of Child Sex Abuse


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